PLoS ONE - Volume 6, issue 5

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Electronic ISSN
1932-6203

Abstract

The Microviridae comprises icosahedral lytic viruses with circular single-stranded DNA genomes. The family is divided into two distinct groups based on genome characteristics and virion structure. Viruses infecting enterobacteria belong to the genus Microvirus, whereas those infecti

Journal: PLoS ONE, vol. 6, no. 5, 2011

Abstract

OriP, the latent origin of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), consists of two essential elements: the dyad symmetry (DS) and the family of repeats (FR). The function of these elements has been predominantly analyzed in plasmids transfected into transformed cells. Here, we examined the molecular fun

Journal: PLoS ONE, vol. 6, no. 5, 2011

Abstract

The N-glycans of membrane glycoproteins are mainly exposed to the extracellular space. Human tyrosinase is a transmembrane glycoprotein with six or seven bulky N-glycans exposed towards the lumen of subcellular organelles. The central active site region of human tyrosinase is modeled here within

Journal: PLoS ONE, vol. 6, no. 5, 2011

Abstract

The choice of promoter is a critical step in optimizing the efficiency and stability of recombinant protein production in mammalian cell lines. Artificial promoters that provide stable expression across cell lines and can be designed to the desired strength constitute an alternative to the use of

Journal: PLoS ONE, vol. 6, no. 5, 2011

Abstract

The organic anion transporting polypeptide (OATP) family of transporters has been implicated in prostate cancer disease progression probably by transporting hormones or drugs. In this study, we aimed to elucidate the expression, frequency, and relevance of OATPs as a biomarker in hormone-dependen

Journal: PLoS ONE, vol. 6, no. 5, 2011

Abstract

Background

Visual processing network is one of the functional networks which have been reliably identified to consistently exist in human resting brains. In our work, we focused on this network and investigated the intrinsic properties of low frequency (0.01–0.08 Hz) fluctuations (LFFs) during cha

Journal: PLoS ONE, vol. 6, no. 5, 2011

Abstract

An organism's survival depends crucially on its ability to detect and acquire nutriment. Attention circuits interact with cognitive and motivational systems to facilitate detection of salient sensory events in the environment. Here we show that the human attentional system is tuned to detect food

Journal: PLoS ONE, vol. 6, no. 5, 2011

Abstract

It has long been accepted that immunoglobulins (Igs) were produced by B lymphoid cells only. Recently Igs have been found to be expressed in various human cancer cells and promote tumor growth. Recombination activating gene 1 (RAG1) and RAG2, which are essential enzymes for initiating variable-di

Journal: PLoS ONE, vol. 6, no. 5, 2011

Abstract

Cytosine DNA methylation is an important epigenetic modification termed as the fifth base that functions in diverse processes. Till now, the genome-wide DNA methylation maps of many organisms has been reported, such as human, Arabidopsis, rice and silkworm, but the methylation pattern of bird rem

Journal: PLoS ONE, vol. 6, no. 5, 2011

Abstract

Introduction

We sought to examine the association between livelihood security and adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ARVs) in low- and middle-income countries (LIMC).

Methods

Performing a systematic review, we searched, independently and in duplicate, 7 electronic databases and 2 conference

Journal: PLoS ONE, vol. 6, no. 5, 2011