PLoS ONE - Volume 5, issue 8

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Electronic ISSN
1932-6203

Abstract

Background

MMP-13, a zinc dependent protease which catalyses the cleavage of type II collagen, is expressed in osteoarthritis (OA) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients, but not in normal adult tissues. Therefore, the protease has been intensively studied as a target for the inhibition of progres

Journal: PLoS ONE, vol. 5, no. 8, 2010

Abstract

Background

Pertussis toxin (PTX), an exotoxin of Bordetella pertussis, enhances the development of experimental autoimmune diseases such as experimental autoimmune uveitis (EAU) and experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) in rodent models. The mechanisms of the promotion of experime

Journal: PLoS ONE, vol. 5, no. 8, 2010

Abstract

This study describes the design and evaluation of a portable bright-field and fluorescence microscope that can be manufactured for $240 USD. The microscope uses a battery-operated LED-based flashlight as the light source and achieves a resolution of 0.8 µm at 1000× magnification in fluorescence m

Journal: PLoS ONE, vol. 5, no. 8, 2010

Abstract

Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease (ADPKD) is a genetic disorder resulting in large kidney cysts and eventual kidney failure. Mutations in either the PKD1 or PKD2/TRPP2 genes and their respective protein products, polycystin-1 (PC1) and polycystin-2 (PC2) result in ADPKD. PC2 is known t

Journal: PLoS ONE, vol. 5, no. 8, 2010

Abstract

Background

Topical microbicides, used by women to prevent the transmission of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections are urgently required. Dendrimers are highly branched nanoparticles being developed as microbicides. However, the anti-HIV and HSV structure-activity relationship of dendrime

Journal: PLoS ONE, vol. 5, no. 8, 2010

Abstract

The identification of predictive biomarkers is at the core of modern toxicology. So far, a number of approaches have been proposed. These rely on statistical inference of toxicity response from either compound features (i.e., QSAR), in vitro cell based assays or molecular profiling of target tiss

Journal: PLoS ONE, vol. 5, no. 8, 2010

Abstract

Background

Pedigree studies of complex heritable diseases often feature nominal or ordinal phenotypic measurements and missing genetic marker or phenotype data.

Methodology

We have developed a Bayesian method for Linkage analysis of Ordinal and Categorical traits (LOCate) that can analyze com

Journal: PLoS ONE, vol. 5, no. 8, 2010