PLoS ONE - Volume 5, issue 10

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Electronic ISSN
1932-6203

Abstract

Background

Oral sodium phosphate solutions (OSPS) are widely used for bowel cleansing prior to colonoscopy and other procedures. Cases of renal failure due to acute phosphate nephropathy following OSPS ingestion have been documented in recent years, questioning the safety of OSPS. However, the mag

Journal: PLoS ONE, vol. 5, no. 10, 2010

Abstract

Background

Most people show a remarkable deficit to report the second of two targets when presented in close temporal succession, reflecting an attentional restriction known as the ‘attentional blink’ (AB). However, there are large individual differences in the magnitude of the effect, with some p

Journal: PLoS ONE, vol. 5, no. 10, 2010

Abstract

Background

There is a growing chorus of critics who complain that many of the top-ranked professional tennis players who grunt when they hit the ball gain an unfair advantage because the sound of the grunt interferes with their opponent's game. However, there is no scientific evidence to support t

Journal: PLoS ONE, vol. 5, no. 10, 2010

Abstract

Objective

To determine whether highly prevalent P. aeruginosa sequence types (ST) in Dutch cystic fibrosis (CF) patients are specifically linked to CF patients we investigated the population structure of P. aeruginosa from different clinical backgrounds. We first selected the optimal

Journal: PLoS ONE, vol. 5, no. 10, 2010

Abstract

Situations requiring rapid decision-making in response to dynamic environmental demands occur repeatedly in natural environments. Neuromodulation can offer important flexibility to the output of neural networks in coping with changing conditions, but the contribution of individual neuromodulatory

Journal: PLoS ONE, vol. 5, no. 10, 2010

Abstract

Background

The cold and menthol receptor, TRPM8, is a non-selective cation channel expressed in a subset of peripheral neurons that is responsible for neuronal detection of environmental cold stimuli. It was previously shown that members of the transient receptor potential (TRP) family of ion chan

Journal: PLoS ONE, vol. 5, no. 10, 2010

Abstract

Human movement sense relies on both somatosensory feedback and on knowledge of the motor commands used to produce the movement. We have induced a movement illusion using repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation over primary motor cortex and dorsal premotor cortex in the absence of limb moveme

Journal: PLoS ONE, vol. 5, no. 10, 2010

Abstract

Background

Operative mortality risk in cardiac surgery is usually assessed using preoperative risk models. However, intraoperative factors may change the risk profile of the patients, and parameters at the admission in the intensive care unit may be relevant in determining the operative mortality.

Journal: PLoS ONE, vol. 5, no. 10, 2010

Abstract

Loss of brain function is one of the most negative and feared aspects of aging. Studies of invertebrates have taught us much about the physiology of aging and how this progression may be slowed. Yet, how aging affects complex brain functions, e.g., the ability to acquire new memory when previous

Journal: PLoS ONE, vol. 5, no. 10, 2010

Abstract

Background

Shorter stature is associated with greater all cause and heart disease mortality, but taller stature with increased risk of cancer mortality. Though childhood environment is important in determining height, limited data address how maternal depression affects linear growth in children.

Journal: PLoS ONE, vol. 5, no. 10, 2010