PLoS ONE - Volume 4, issue 12

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Electronic ISSN
1932-6203

Abstract

Forensic DNA evidence often contains mixtures of multiple contributors, or is present in low template amounts. The resulting data signals may appear to be relatively uninformative when interpreted using qualitative inclusion-based methods. However, these same data can yield greater identification

Journal: PLoS ONE, vol. 4, no. 12, 2009

Abstract

Host-pathogen interactions are complex relationships, and a central challenge is to reveal the interactions between pathogens and their hosts. Bacillus bombysepticus (Bb) which can produces spores and parasporal crystals was firstly separated from the corpses of the infected silkwor

Journal: PLoS ONE, vol. 4, no. 12, 2009

Abstract

Animals use honest signals to assess the quality of competitors during aggressive interactions. Current theory predicts that honest signals should be costly to produce and thus reveal some aspects of the phenotypic or genetic quality of the sender. In songbirds, research indicates that biomechani

Journal: PLoS ONE, vol. 4, no. 12, 2009

Abstract

Background

Recent population-based estimates in a Dhaka low-income community suggest that influenza was prevalent among children. To explore the epidemiology and seasonality of influenza throughout the country and among all age groups, we established nationally representative hospital-based survei

Journal: PLoS ONE, vol. 4, no. 12, 2009

Abstract

Background

It has been noted that many bacterial virulence factor genes are located within genomic islands (GIs; clusters of genes in a prokaryotic genome of probable horizontal origin). However, such studies have been limited to single genera or isolated observations. We have performed the first

Journal: PLoS ONE, vol. 4, no. 12, 2009

Abstract

Background

Huntington's disease (HD) is a polyglutamine-expanded related neurodegenerative disease. Despite the ubiquitous expression of expanded, polyQ-Huntingtin (ExpHtt) in the brain, striatal neurons present a higher susceptibility to the mutation. A commonly admitted hypothesis is that Dopami

Journal: PLoS ONE, vol. 4, no. 12, 2009

Abstract

Pseudomonas aeruginosa can establish life-long airways chronic infection in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) with pathogenic variants distinguished from initially acquired strain. Here, we analysed chemical and biological activity of P. aeruginosa Pathogen-Associated Molecular Pat

Journal: PLoS ONE, vol. 4, no. 12, 2009

Abstract

Background

Legumes are unique in their ability to establish symbiotic interaction with rhizobacteria from Rhizobium genus, which provide them with available nitrogen. Nodulation factors (NFs) produced by Rhizobium initiate legume root hair deformation and curling that entrap the bact

Journal: PLoS ONE, vol. 4, no. 12, 2009

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine neural network properties at separate time-points during recovery from traumatic brain injury (TBI) using graph theory. Whole-brain analyses of the topological properties of the fMRI signal were conducted in 6 participants at 3 months and 6 months followin

Journal: PLoS ONE, vol. 4, no. 12, 2009

Abstract

Background

We explore vaccination strategies against pandemic influenza in Mexico using an age-structured transmission model calibrated against local epidemiological data from the Spring 2009 A(H1N1) pandemic.

Methods and Findings

In the context of limited vaccine supplies, we evaluate age-ta

Journal: PLoS ONE, vol. 4, no. 12, 2009