PLoS ONE - Volume 3, issue 12

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Electronic ISSN
1932-6203

Abstract

Background

Schistosoma japonicum is a major public health concern in China, with over one million people infected and another 40 million living in areas at risk of infection. Unlike the disease caused by S. mansoni and S. haematobium, schistosomiasis japonica is a zoonosis, in

Journal: PLoS ONE, vol. 3, no. 12, 2008

Abstract

With the advent of genome-wide association (GWA) studies, researchers are hoping that reliable genetic association of common human complex diseases/traits can be detected. Currently, there is an increasing enthusiasm about GWA and a number of GWA studies have been published. In the field a common

Journal: PLoS ONE, vol. 3, no. 12, 2008

Abstract

Background

The activation of T lymphocytes by specific antigen is accompanied by the formation of a specialized signaling region termed the immunological synapse, characterized by the clustering and segregation of surface molecules and, in particular, by T cell receptor (TCR) clustering.

Method
Journal: PLoS ONE, vol. 3, no. 12, 2008

Abstract

Background

There are lingering concerns about caffeine consumption during pregnancy or the early postnatal period, partly because there may be long-lasting behavioral changes after caffeine exposure early in life.

Methodology/Principal Findings

We show that pregnant wild type (WT) mice given

Journal: PLoS ONE, vol. 3, no. 12, 2008

Abstract

Xylella fastidiosa is a Gram negative plant pathogen causing many economically important diseases, and analyses of completely sequenced X. fastidiosa genome strains allowed the identification of many prophage-like elements and possibly phage remnants, accounting for up to 15% of the

Journal: PLoS ONE, vol. 3, no. 12, 2008

Abstract

Background

Genetically encoded tag is a powerful tool for protein research. Various kinds of tags have been developed: fluorescent proteins for live-cell imaging, affinity tags for protein isolation, and epitope tags for immunological detections. One of the major problems concerning the protein ta

Journal: PLoS ONE, vol. 3, no. 12, 2008

Abstract

PTPN3 and PTPN4 are two closely-related non-receptor protein tyrosine phosphatases (PTP) that, in addition to a PTP domain, contain FERM (Band 4.1, Ezrin, Radixin, and Moesin) and PDZ (PSD-95, Dlg, ZO-1) domains. Both PTP have been implicated as negative-regulators of early signal transduction th

Journal: PLoS ONE, vol. 3, no. 12, 2008

Abstract

Background

Schistosomiasis japonica remains a major public health problem in China. Its pathogen, Schistosoma japonicum has a complex life cycle and a unique repertoire of genes expressed at different life cycle stages. Exploring schistosome gene regulation will yield the best prospects for

Journal: PLoS ONE, vol. 3, no. 12, 2008

Abstract

Background

The suppressor of cytokine signalling 3 (SOCS3) provides a link between cytokine action and their negative consequences on insulin signalling. Thus SOCS3 is a potential candidate gene for type 2 diabetes (T2DM).

Methodology/Principal Findings

Based on HapMap we identified the polym

Journal: PLoS ONE, vol. 3, no. 12, 2008

Abstract

Background

The policy to provide oral polio vaccine (OPV) at birth was introduced in low-income countries to increase coverage. The effect of OPV at birth on overall child mortality was never studied. During a trial of vitamin A supplementation (VAS) at birth in Guinea-Bissau, OPV was not availabl

Journal: PLoS ONE, vol. 3, no. 12, 2008